Lotta alla tratta e al turismo sessuale


Prostitution, sex market, sexual tourism. Familiar words already, realities sometimes ignored, judged by some with superficiality (such as transgender discrimination). Have we evere asked ourselves what is hidden behind sex market? Every year more than a million people in the world, women and young girls in majority, are reduced to slavery: bought, sold and sold back as sexual objects. They are in our streets and cities as well. Millions of people practice “sexual tourism” in the World’s poorest Countries, favouring the enslavement of people who have no choice because of their condition of poverty, violence and ransom.

How many people would choose to prostitute themselves if their living conditions were different? How many minors are involved, despite their own will, in the phenomenon? What consequences will they be carrying with their lives? Shall and should we continue speaking about tourism? Shall and should we continue shutting our eyes off? The project Lucha contra la trata y el turismo sexual arises with the aim of informing and raising awareness on people and potential clients, towards the hidden aspects of the sex market.

No abetting anymore. KNOWLEDGE IS FIGHT.


Fight against the exploitation of human beings in the domain of the sex market.

  • Raising awareness to enable the acknowledgment and promotion of human rights for the victims of sexual exploitation.
  • Encourage the engagement of all subjects in a continuum of acknowledgment including citizens, local authorities’ employees, students, social workers, victims and medias.
  • Deepen the research of the unknown aspects of the sex business.
  • Editing of a comparative research on trafficking and sexual tourism in partner territories
  • Training 50 employees and 350 social workers of the domain on the analysis and the methodologies for the fight against trafficking and sexual tourism and for the reinforcement of municipal services.
  • Raising awareness on 1 million of people through the achievement of 3 campaigns.
  • Dissemination of the results and reinforcement of the international partnerships among local authorities and associations involved on the fight against trafficking and sexual tourism.


  • • Project duration 3 years, starting from February 1st 2011
  • • Co-financed by European Union
  • • Leader partner Municipality of Genoa

logo1 This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Municipality of Genoa and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.


logo1 The project develops within the domain of the program of delocated cooperation “100 Cities for 100 Project Italy – Brazil” coordinated by ANCI (National Association of Italian Municipalities) in Italy and by FNP (National Front of Mayors).


brasil_logo2 Municipality of Guarulhos
Guarulhos is a Brazilian city, counting 1.283.253 inhabitants, it is located in the state of Sao Paulo, 15 Km away from the capital of Sao Paulo. The city hosts the biggest passengers airport of the South.
brasil_logo3 Municipality of Fortaleza
Fortaleza is the state capital of Ceará, located in North-eastern Brazil. Fortaleza is the 5th largest city in Brazil and the most populous of Ceará. Fortaleza is a popular and important touristic centre, home for industries and services, with the 7th largest buying power in the country.
brasil_logo4 Municipality of Salvador de Bahia
Salvador is the capital of the State of Bahia, belonging to the north-eastern region of Brazil. Salvador is a popular touristic destination, and the third most populous city in Brazil, after San Paolo and Rio de Janeiro, is the biggest of the Northeast.
Frente Nacional de Preifetos (FNP), has its main seat in Brasilia (DF), it is a non-party institution, uniting Majors of the biggest Brazilian cities. Current president is the Major of Porto Alegre. FNP is the institution coordinating the program “100 Cities for 100 Programs Italy – Brazil”
brasil_logo6 Municipality of Recife
Recife is the state capital of Pernambuco, located in North-eastern Brazil. It is the most an important touristic destination and centre for industries and services. Within the program “100 Cities”, Recife participated as a partner to Project EVCM “Fight against violence on women” (dec 2008 – jun 2012) coordinated by the Province of Turin www.recife.


spagna_logo1 Andalusian Fund’s Municipalities for International Solidarity FAMSI
Formed by a net of Municipalities and Local authorities, Famsi identifies among its strategical objectives: a sustainable cooperation to reduce the structural gap between the North and the South through an aware and participated citizenship, the support to a development model oriented to equality and redistribution of the resources, the defense of human rights, the refusal of racism and promotion of equal opportunities.


italia_logo1 Municipality of Genoa
It is the sixth largest city in Italy for population, and third industrial pole, as well as third northern Italian city for population; Genoa belongs to the industrial pole Milan – Genoa – Turin of North-western Italy. The Seaport is to this day the largest in Italy, in 2004 Genoa was nominated European Capital of Culture. Other than the coordination of Project ETTS, Genoa is partner of the Project “Youth against Gender violence” coordinated by the Municipality of Turin - www.
italia_logo2 University of Genoa - About Gender Laboratory-
The Anthropological Studies Department (Di.S.A.) gathers anthropologists, psychologists, sociologists and informatics operating in the Genoese Athenaeum, with the goal to create a research community involving researchers, graduate students and students.
italia_logo3 Municipality of Turin
it is the fourth Italian city for population and important economical pole of the country. The metropolitan area, including counties surrounding the city centre, extends on an area close to 1.100 km², creating a metropolitan area of 1.700.000 inhabitants.
italia_logo4 Municipality of Collegno
Collegno is a municipality of the province of Turin counting 50.222 inhabitants, included in the metropolitan area of the Piedmont capital. Within the domain of the Program 100 Città, the Municipality of Collegno participated as partner in the project EVCM “Fight against women’s violence” (dec 2008 – jun 2012) coordinated by the Municipality of Turin and now partner in the project “Youth against gender Violence”(2013 - 2016), coordinated by the Municipality of Turin (
italia_logo5 ISCOS Ong- Istituto Sindacale per la Cooperazione e lo Sviluppo
ISCOS (Unions Institute for Cooperation and Development) is a non-governmental organization founded in 1983 in Milan with the objective to promote solidarity among workers from Italy and from development countries to reach peace, democracy and the respect of human rights.
italia_logo6 Confcooperative Torino
Confcooperative’s Provincial Union in Torino was founded in 1949 to create a meeting place for the cooperative movement. The entrepreneurial system leaded by the Union in Turin is characterized by the presence on the whole province of small and medium enterprises strongly attached to the territory. Within the Union eight federations are activated determining the policies of the sector running to elaborate strategies and the realization of the general objectives of Confcooperative of Italian Cooperatives – of which Confcooperative is the abbreviation – is the main organization, legally recognized for representation, assistance and defence of the cooperative movement and social companies. Until today about 400 cooperatives are associated. 
italia_logo7 MAIS Ong – Movement for Self-development, Interchange and Solidarity
MAIS is a non- governmental organization for international cooperation funded in December 1990 in Turin. Projects in Brazil, Nicaragua, Egypt, Senegal, Mozambique are put into practice to facilitate social and economical democracy in the South, cooperating with institutions, local and international authorities. It operates for a sustainable and co-partnered development of the populations involved, in particular for small producers, minors and women, facilitating the surfacing of the local potentials.
italia_logo8 Gruppo Abele
Gruppo Abele is an association born in Turin in 1965 engaged from the beginning in consolidating the shelter between culture and politics. Gruppo Abele is structured on around 60 activities, among which in-reach and outreach services, rehabilitation centre for addictions, counselling and orientation centre, outreach projects for trafficked victims and migrants, as well as a centre for conflicts mediation.


romania_logo1 Municipality of Costanta
Costanta is a Romanian municipality (304.279 inhabitants) located on the edges of the Black Sea and state capital of its district. It is a port and industrial centre of great importance. The metropolitan area of the city hosts famous thermal baths, that along with the long shores, attract million of tourists each year. The main industries are those for packaging and manufacturing of petrol containers.
romania_logo2 Asociatia Caritas Bucareste
Caritas Bucharest Association started its activity in 1990 and covers at the moment about 30% of Romania's territory, ie 12 counties situated in the South East part of Romania and works for persons in a situation of poverty and need; children, youth in need and disadvantaged groups; elderly people; persons with disabilities; families with many children. 30% of the Romanian territory, serving people in poverty, children, young people in need and disadvantaged social categories such as elderly, handicapped and larger families.
romania_logo3 ANITP
The National Agency against Trafficking in Persons, as component part of the Ministry of Administration and Interior, is a specialized structure responsible for co-coordinating, evaluating and monitoring at national level the implementation of anti-trafficking and victims’ protection and assistance policies by public institutions. The Agency also operates as a bridge between the trafficked victims and the law enforcement organizations as well as between authorities and the national NGOs providing services in this area.

Further information:



The core of the project was the realization and dissemination of awareness campaigns for the citizens of 4 partner territories (Italy, Spain, Romania, Brazil). The campaigns were focused on specific targets defined according to the context of each country. The 17 partners created different types of communication activities: advertising campaigns, training meetings, laboratories in secondary schools, events, meeting with young, theater shows, dissemination of 3 spots, video.
The channels used were diverse: web, TV, cinema, railway and metro stations, long-distance bus stations, airports, taxi screens, public offices. The campaigns were followed by the dissemination of paper material (flyers, posters, billboards, bookmarks, stickers, crosswords) and gadgets (pins, t-shirts, baseball caps, shopping bags, usb keys). Announcements on newspapers, radio messages and web sites ( were also used. Each partner country used the channel of communication proper to the territory, with innovative ways enabling to reach an extremely large public (i.e. In Guarulhos, seat of Sao Paulo International Airport, the communication message was displayed on water bills – reaching an esteemed public by 400.000 people – as well as in public employees' pay slips, with ca. 25.000 workers).
campagna1 campagna2 campagna3
Adesivo Italia Flyer Italia Gadgets Italia
campagna4 campagna5 campagna6
Poster autobus Torino - Italia Poster Torino – Italia Carnaval Guarulhos – Brasil
campagna8 campagna7 campagna9
Campagna su giornale- Italia Cartel Cordoba España Cartel Cordoba España
campagna10 campagna11 campagna12
Carnaval Guarulhos - Brasil Carnaval Guarulhos - Brasil Conferência pública Brasil
campagna13 campagna14 campagna15Cartaz Brasil
Meeting in Bucharest – Romania Fomação Guarulhos - Brasil
campagna16 campagna17
ANITP’s headquarters in Bucharest – Romania Meeting with students in Bucharest –Romania
campagna18 campagna19 campagna20
Spettacolo teatrale – Italia Conferenza pubblica – Italia Gadget – España
campagna21 campagna22
Poster – Italia Poster Torino – Italia
campagna23 campagna24 campagna25
Gadget – España Gadget – España Conferência Fortaleza - Brasil
campagna26 campagna27 campagna28
Co-formação Fortaleza – Brasil Co-formação Fortaleza – Brasil Conferência Fortaleza – Brasil
campagna26 campagna26 campagna26
Campagna su giornale- Italia Spettacolo teatrale – Italia Poster autobus Torino - Italia


An important element of Project ETTS, other than the development of activities in schools, has been the communication activity through cross-medial modalities. Radio programs, TV documentaries, web series and spots for big screens became instruments for awareness campaigns oriented to involve communities and the greater public. Platforms have been a way to spread different contents, and also a mean to switch to different languages, reaching an esteemed public by 2 millions contacts.














The first interactive web series published on Radiotelevisione Italiana’s internet platforms.

“Through the eyes of a trans” is a TV series of 9 short episodes (produced by Gruppo Abele and DocAbout) narrating the story of a transgender person having to deal with her own condition’s difficulties. Each episode allowed those who saw it to participate to a survey to decide the continuation of the story facing, from episode to episode, the most delicate phases of a life transiting among two identities. The story is the result of a research work started with the production of 5 self-portraits on radio for channel Radio 3. The spin-off project Transiti ( enabled to reach a large public through radio, web and TV channels.

pic1 pic2 pic3



Transitions is a tv documentary aiming to approach – without prejudgments – the transgender world. The project’s essence is to facilitate a path of self-representation, whom a transgender group can lead us in and detaching from stereotyped and discrimintaing vision.

A space for expression where autobiographical events become fonctional to stimulate the public to a sense of empathy and closness: everyday life in relationships, banal encounters, existential difficulties and prejudgements often labelling individualities, are among the aspects dealt into the narrative paths.

By and with Angelo Correale, Alessandra Tria, Katherina Stecher. Directed by Davide Tosco. Original music by Umberto Fantini. Produced by FargoFilm in collaboration with RAI3 and the support of Piemonte Doc Film Fund/ Fondo Regionale per il Documentario.

Length/ 54’ Language/ italian with english subtitles. Year/ 2011

Two tv presenters, ten point-blaked interviews to teenagers on their realtionship with genders and sexuality, the testimony of prostitutuion clients’: fiction and field interviews, the unfolding, beginning from stereotypes and fallacies around gender’s relationships, ending with the theme of prostitution, sexual exploitation and human trafficking, showing how the complexities arising from male and female are based on these phenomenons.

Screenplay/ Marco Taddei. Director/ Cristina Oddone. Photography/ Marcello Massardo. Assistant/ Lorenzo Navone. Editing/ Cristina Oddone, Lorenzo Navone. Actors ordered by appearence/ Barbara Moselli, Marco Taddei, Francesca Brigati, Davide Pirrò Ghigliotti. Video interviews/ Sebastiano Benasso, Cristina Oddone. Production assistant, technician, organization Massimo Cannarella Research cooprdinator/ Emanuela Abbatecola. Research Group/ Emanuela Bonini, Sebastiano Benasso, Massimo Cannarella.

Length/ 30’. Format/ HDV. Language/ italian with english subtitles. Year/ 2013

For each one of the three years of project 3 a spot was created on themes: Traffick, Tourism oriented to exploitation and discrimination against transgender.

The distribution network included, besides the presence on project’s linked websites, different means of communication, among which moviescreens and metroscreens projections in partners’ cities.

Artistic direction and animation Fausto Collarino, Fabrizio Bonaga. Sound design Mario Conte. Produced by MAIS.

Lenghth / 3 x 30’’ e 60’’ / Format DCP and mov. Year/ 2012

For each one of the three years of project 3 a spot was created on themes: Traffick, Tourism oriented to exploitation and discrimination against transgender.

The distribution network included, besides the presence on project’s linked websites, different means of communication, among which moviescreens and metroscreens projections in partners’ cities.

Artistic direction and animation Fausto Collarino, Fabrizio Bonaga. Sound design Mario Conte. Produced by MAIS.

Lenghth / 3 x 30’’ e 60’’ / Format DCP and mov. Year/ 2012

For each one of the three years of project 3 a spot was created on themes: Traffick, Tourism oriented to exploitation and discrimination against transgender.

The distribution network included, besides the presence on project’s linked websites, different means of communication, among which moviescreens and metroscreens projections in partners’ cities.

Artistic direction and animation Fausto Collarino, Fabrizio Bonaga. Sound design Mario Conte. Produced by MAIS.

Lenghth / 3 x 30’’ e 60’’ / Format DCP and mov. Year/ 2012


An important composant of the awareness activity took place in the secondary schools of the European partners' metropolitan areas: Genoa, Turin, Collegno, Bucharest, Costanta, Sevilla, Cordoba). Around 1.000 teenagers created and produced communication material (posters, videos, gadgets, websites and songs) oriented to follow mini-campaigns on the theme of human rights, then published on Italian newspapers “Secolo XIX”, “la Repubblica”, “Metro”. Public projections, theater plays, concerts, newspapers, social networks and Youtube publications, contributing to promote a debate animated and shared by the whole youth movement.

40 classes faced the 3 project’s themes: trafficking with human exploitation purposes, sexual tourism and respect towards LGBT people. The laboratories conducted in schools were leaded by professionals’ associations on the respect of human rights and trafficked people: in Turin association TAMPEP (, in Genoa “Le Graziose” and Caritas Bucarest in Romania (

Participating schools


  • Istituto Professionale di Stato Settore Industria e Artigianato (Genova)
  • Istituto Vittorio Emanuele II (Genova)
  • Istituto Superiore “Elio Vittorini” di Grugliasco – Sez. Settore Economico “Elio Vittorini”
  • Istituto Superiore “Elio Vittorini” di Grugliasco – Sez. Geometri “Carlo e Amedeo di Castellamonte”
  • Istituto Tecnico Industriale “Ettore Majorana” di Grugliasco
  • Liceo Scientifico “Gobetti Segrè” di Torino
  • Istituto Professionale per i Servizi Alberghieri e Ristorazione
  • “Giuseppina Colombatto” di Torino
  • Istituto Professionale “Carlo Ignazio Giulio” di Torino
  • Primo Liceo Artistico di Torino
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Romania (Bucharest)

  • ‘St.Joseph’ Catholic College – catholic school
  • ‘Ion Neculce’ National College – IT&C high school, Italian intensive study
  • ‘Timotei Cipariu’ Greek-Catholic High School, catholic school
  • ‘Hristo Botev’ High School, Bulgarian language HS
  • MEDIA Technical College, media production
  • ‘Miguel de Cervantes’ High school, Spanish HS
  • ‘A.D.Xenopol’ Economic College, tourism
  • ‘N.Soculescu’ Technical College for Architecture and Public Works
  • ‘Nichita Stanescu’ High School , Huma and Social Sciences
  • ‘Costin C. Kiritescu’ Economic High School
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‘Costin C. Kiritescu’ Economic High School – The Hand
‘Costin C. Kiritescu’ Economic High School – Crosswords
‘Miguel de Cervantes’ High school’ – Stay informed
‘N.Soculescu’ Technical College for Architecture and Public Works – Stop human trafficking
‘Timotei Cipariu’ Greek-Catholic High School – Chained Heart
‘Timotei Cipariu’ Greek-Catholic High School – Don’t Let yourself cheated
‘Timotei Cipariu’ Greek-Catholic High School – Woman is not an instrument
‘Ion Neculce’ National College – IT&C high school – Papusa
‘A.D.Xenopol’ Economic College – Oferta munca_1

Spain – Province of Sevilla

  • IES Atenea, Ciudad de Mairena del Aljarafe
  • IES ITACA. Ciudad de Tomares


The first part of research focused on the evaluation of those services aiming to enable surfacing from traffic on sexual exploitation purposes in cities and countries in which Project's partners operated in year 2011. The implementation of the evaluational research aims to both giving feedback on the work done by services, nets and Municipalities putting into practice surfacing policies and thinking over the best practices emerging through the application and implementation projects and resources within a specific national context concerning policies in terms of surfacing.

Downolad the research ( ITALIANO / ESPANOL )

Knowledge is fight. This is one of our slogans. For this reason one of the main composants of the project was the activity of research, coordinated by the University of Genoa. Direct interviews to social workers and victims in Italy, Spain, Romania and Brazil were the mean to search into unfamiliar phenomenons with unexistant quantitive datas. Trafficking, sexual tourism, client, transsexuality were our fields of research.
Dimensions and changes of the phenomenon of traffic on sexual exploitation purposes in Partner countries
The research focused on the phenomenon of traffic, based on local characteristics of the sex market in departure countries (Romania and Brazil) and in arrival countries (Italy, Spain and Brazil as for traffic arriving from neighbor countries). The research was carried out always with an eye on clients and cultural factors fuelling the existence of sex markets. The research developed with a first part of interviews to those defines as “privileged witnesses” (service workers, public security agents, or whoever, in different roles, is involved and therefore has a knowledge on the phenomenon) followed by a second phase of interviews directed to people directly involved in the subject context of this study, prostitutes and traffic victims.
Sexual tourism in Brazil
The research on sexual tourism has developed different aspects with the objective of building the context of a relatively recent phenomenon, by gathering qualified information from individuals dealing with the phenomenon (service workers dealing with prostitutes and sex workers, security agents, tourist operators) in two Brazilian cities (Fortaleza and Salvador de Bahia).
Clients of the sex market. Masculinity on stage The research on sex market's clients was conduced through different techniques of qualitative research:
  • A radio experience, the conduction of 4 radio broadcasts on prostitution for Radio Babboleo, popular channel in region Liguria;
  • Semi-structured interviews to boys and girls;
  • In-depth interviews to clients;
  • In-depth interviews to sex workers (biological women and transsexual women);
  • Websites analysis.
These research techniques were not employed to build the type-client, but to think over the type of “masculinity on stage”starting by the premise that a common ground between client and non-client is present and that, in order to contrast trafficking and sexual tourism, that common ground is the domain of action.
Sex markets are deeply incorporated in society, although the society is us, our cultural models, and our representations. Fighting against trafficking and sexual tourism then, means to begin from here, by calling into question an erotic imaginary and a dictionary of pleasure too often legitimated and de-responsabilized towards the existance of exploitation
The objective of the research was to manage to identify the main characteristics of the migratory phenomenon of transsexual and transgender brazilian people within Brazil and towards Europe. What is hidden behind this migratory phenomenon? Are we in the presence of criminal organizations fueling the European sex market or is it a voluntary migration, springing from the desire to become Europe a more civil and accepting country richer in earnings possibilities for all? What makes the European sex markets more attractive? To what extent can we speak of informal networks and when instead exploiting situations are taking place giving rise to trafficking cases of transgender and transsexual people
Downolad the research ( ENGLISH)
As a contribution to the research conduced by the University of Genoa and the 4 focus groups (on trafficking and clients) put together, Gruppo Abele held a seminar – January 27th - 28th 2014 – on the theme of the client of the person prostituting, to give a contribution to answer to some of the questions: Who are they? Why do they look for a paying sexual relationship? What to do? During the two-days-last of the semianr the goal was to trace a profile of the client of prostitution, entering the themes also under the statistic perspective available at present and the sources interviewed.


Please find in this section some links on project themes and human beings trafficking, sorted by country.
We would be thankful to those who can contribute with links of common interest to
The website of referral is the UE – Together against human trafficking



  • CARINHO DE VERDADE PORTMovimento della società brasiliana per promuovere e sensibilizzare istituzioni e paese sul problema dello sfruttamento sessuale di bambini e adolescenti
  • CHILDHOOD PELA PROTEÇÃO DA INFÃNCIA PORT Organizzazione brasiliana per la protezione dell’infanzia



  • ADPARE RO Asociatia pentru Dezvoltarea Practicilor Alternative de Reintegrare si Educatie Prevenzione e protezione della tratta